Palestinian composer, arranger, educator; and viola and buzuq player. He is the bandleader of Ensemble Dal’Ouna and the Palestine National Ensemble of Arabic Music. He founded the al Kamandjâti music centre and has collaborated with several international and renowned musicians. He first studied at the Edward Said National Conservatory of Music and then in the Regional Conservatory of Angers. Several documentaries have been made of his life, including Its Not a Gun and Just Play. He is the main subject of the book Children of the Stone: The Power of Music in a Hard Land by Sandy Tolan.